For Beginners

Lesson 16/18

All Mixed Up

As you saw in the previous lesson, you can add and replace elements in lists. You have to be careful, however, when putting elements of a different type in one list. Let's add a number to your previous list containing names and then fetch this new element and use it in mathematical operation:

♥list = Adam❚Eva❚John❚Mary
♥list⟦⟧ = 200
dialog ♥list
♥test = ♥list⟦5⟧+10
dialog ♥test

You added 200 at the end of the ♥list as its fifth element, then you fetched this element to add it to 10 and assign the result to the ♥test variable. You expected the second dialog would show 210, but you saw 20010 instead. Why?

Variables can be of different types, for example: integer (integer numbers with no decimal point), float (numbers with decimal point), text (strings of alphanumerical characters), bool (boolean true or false). When you create a list, the type of its first element defines the whole list's type.

In the example above, the first element of the list is text. Therefore, when you add any number to this list, it will be automatically converted by the G1ANT.Robot to a text type. This means 200 you added to ♥list is treated as a string of characters, not actual number, so when you wanted to add 10 to it, the robot simply merged these two strings of text, producing 20010 instead of expected 210.

In the next lesson you will learn how to use variables as parameters for operations on lists.